(her-vuatsky glass-nick)
A weekly information sheet, produced, published, and distributed in its entirety by Dubravko Kakarigi, P.O.Box 1742, Tallahassee, Florida 32302, tel. 904/877-0620, with lots of help and support by Mr. Jim Peterson, especially as an amanuensis. Thank you Jim.
We will try to come out every Saturday. If you'd like, we can mail it to you in exchange for a donation to cover the postage.
The very first edition came out on Saturday, June 13, 1992

July 11, 1992 Number 5

My Corner

Why are the planes returning empty?

On Friday, CNN showed a segment from Sarajevo involving a tragedy for Sarajevo's children who are dying due to the lack of health care opportunities in the besieged city. One young girl, practically a newborn, will die by Sunday if not flown out to a hospital to help with her failing heart. In the meantime the relief planes, 15-20 of the big cargo planes daily, are returning from Sarajevo empty. The UN says that they can not bring anybody with them in order not to jeopardize the whole mission. Is there no heart for the children at least?

What's happening in Yugoslavia,
Part 3.

It is easy to understand why a large number of Croats have experienced Yugoslavia, both the “Old” (between the two world wars) and the “New” (after the W.W.II.), as a foreign occupation state. Towards the end of W.W.I. a strong movement to form a new country of South Slavs developed. Many hoped that this would be a solution to the “eastern question.” Many Croats did too. However, in spite of the continuous efforts of a whole series of Croatian politicians to help build a Yugoslavia of truly equal peoples, throughout its existence, Yugoslavia became just another form of Serbian hegemony.

Any observer with a desire to see would have to recognize that there has been much dissatisfaction among the Croats with the way things were going. The most frequent Croat grievances were:

  • most of the federal state apparatus was staffed with Serbs (including the police and the officer corps of the army, a condition which became disastrous in the Serbian war against Slovenia, Croatia, and B-H — so far),
  • a disproportionate number of key positions in local governments, judiciary, academe, industry, etc. in Croatia (and elsewhere) were occupied by the Serb politicos—merit did not seem to matter,
  • large diversions of resources in the west-to-east direction was politically rather than economically motivated, which resulted in the relative impoverishment of the western republics.

In this context, the more recent Croatian politicians have tried to achieve more autonomy for Croatia. They have suggested a confederation with other republics as a new form of Yugoslav association, only to receive a deaf ear.

Given the perpetually worsening economic conditions, it was relatively easy for a variety of new political parties in Croatia, which in general had nothing more than the “Free Croatia” on their political agenda, to mobilize large masses of supporters and collectively win Croatian independence.

In the process of materializing the Croats' 1,000 year old dream, many tactical political mistakes were made. In my opinion, and without thus accepting the partial blame for the crime committed against Croatia, the one which hurt them the most and could have been easily avoided was the proclamation of Croatia as a state of all the Croats and other nations and nationalities. This, in the minds of the Serbian extremists, identified the Croats as a dominant nation in Croatia and told the large Croatian Serbian minority (up to 14% of the population) that they were now the second class citizens — a sure sign that they were about to be persecuted in the fashion of their tragic W.W.II experience.

This, however, in no way justifies the horror which the Serbs have dealt the Croats and others living in Croatia. In addition one may ask, what has that got to do with Bosnia-Herzegovina? This war, for which the Serbs, all of them, from Serbia, Croatia, and B-H are undoubtedly responsible, has thrown us all back centuries and affected generations to come.

It has been said that “the Croats want to live — the Serbs are ready to die.” In a most cruel way, the primitive heroism of the Serbs who continue to destroy all that lives on the Croatian and the B-H soil, have succeeded in pulling us all into the jaws of death. However, the Croats and their Muslim brothers and sisters are finding ways to overcome improbable odds on their way to self-determination, freedom, and prosperity. I feel bad for the many Serbs who have again been misled by false prophets and are marching to self-destruction. It is up to them whether or not in the future they will be counted as a civilized nation, for in the present, they have proven themselves otherwise.

A Testimony

I have to admit that this whole process of separation of the former Yugoslav republics is truly painful for me — I suffer from Yugoslavism. For a long time I was in a state of denial, I could not understand my Croat friends and some of my family who were so bitter about the Yugoslav legacy while in the same time I had been so proud of it.

For me, Yugoslavia was a dream, a dream of peoples who were able to overcome backwardness and underdevelopment, and were starting to build a just social system for all. I participated in the volunteer youth brigades which helped build the country's roads, irrigation systems, large industrial complexes. I felt that I had participated in great victories of peoples for their own emancipation. My country championed the causes of all the small nations in the world and was respected by them. I was educated in Yugoslavia, there I started my professional career as a teacher (which is what I do now in the U.S.). When I left in 1976, I left with a strong desire to return one day and continue living the dream.

In June 1991, I suffered a rude awakening. The country which I loved and believed in was mortally wounded. Her system could not fool itself any longer. She could really not tolerate the free spirit of her own people and sent her deadly machine to extinguish it. That was the beginning of the end of my dream. My country, my motherland was dying. The places I loved, the people I loved, suffered. No more tranquillity in my home town in the long winter evenings, no more loud tourists in the hot summer afternoons. No time for laziness in the long, thick shades of the tall, proud pines of Lokrum, the island of love and mystery, near Dubrovnik.

Will there be new dreams for some new generations? Will they be able to savor the innocent moments of youth knowing that there will be a tomorrow? Or are they condemned to live without the dreams, having been doomed to pay for the madness of their ancestors?

Parts of my soul died with my homeland. Good-bye youth—welcome to the cruel reality of greedy, primitive human existence.

What's New

Saturday, 7/04 — Nine planes landed in Sarajevo, five people killed, 17 wounded in the meantime.

Sunday, 7/05 — More planes arrive at Sarajevo, four more people loose their lives (10 in the whole of B-H). Refer to the map for the Serbian attacks this week. Serbs from Pale plan a major offensive (Croatian Radio).

Croats proclaim the “Croatian Community Herceg Bosna” (CCHB), a temporary executive government in the liberated regions of S-W B-H. B-H government immediately condemns the move. Croat leaders in CCHB clarify that they recognize the B-H overall authority but are organizing themselves in order to foster defense and general order in the region, in the absence of any central governmental power.

General Satish Nambiar, the overall commander of UNPROFOR visits Sarajevo and gets more promises from the Serbs that they won't fight.

Monday 7/06 — Croatian President Dr. F. Tudjman, holds a press conference reassuring B-H about the intentions of CCHB. 18 relief planes arrive today to Sarajevo.

Tuesday 7/07 — The offensive fro Pale seems to be under way. Tanks role into the downtown Sarajevo and shoot at the Presidential palace (CNN). UN Armored Personnel Carriers transport Serbs out of the region hours before the attack???

G-7 in Munich issue a declaration — no substance, just more warnings for Serbia.

13 die in B-H today, 127 wounded (4/36 in Sarajevo). 17 planes land. Serbs burn houses in Croatia before leaving territories now under UNPROFOR control.

B-H heroic defenders and Serbian aggressors are increasingly categorized as “warring factions” in the media — very unusual and annoying. President Bush says in Munich that US will not react whenever someone “hick-ups” somewhere — another offensive label for the B-H and Croatian tragedy.

Wednesday, 7/08 — Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe temporarily suspends Yugoslavia from participation.

3,000 shells fell in Gradacac today.

Thursday, 7/09 — France prepared to send 700+ troops and 9 attack helicopters for Sarajevo's defense, UN asks for patience.

Two US ships in the Adriatic, one British ship on her way. Land corridor Split-Sarajevo being planned.

12 trucks with relief supplies not allowed to Dobrinja. A Canadian soldier seriously wounded. Serbs propose a cease-fire in Sarajevo region to allow residents to leave (the same tactics they used in Croatia, bomb the region, let the population leave “voluntarily,” then bring a Serbian population in — Ethnic Cleansing 101).

34th day without electricity in the Dubrovnik region. Gorazde (B-H) suffered heavy aerial bombardment, must be the planes from Yugoslavia — no small warring faction could produce jet planes.

Friday, 7/10 — CNN quotes the Boston Globe stating that the “Croatian forces are approaching Sarajevo” (someone has got to do it).

Serbia condemned by CSCE for the war in Yugoslavia. More ships are sent to Adriatic. No resolve for a more drastic action. Positive dimension: no foreign troops should die for B-H, residents interviewed in the Sarajevo streets don't want “American men to die” for them, “give us arms, we know how to defend ourselves,” they say. Is anyone doing that already? Maybe the Croats are getting heavy arms after all, and liberating B-H from the South? I hope.

On a Personal Note

Mira, my friend in Dobrinja called several times this week. I could tell that she was at the end of sanity. On Sunday, her next door neighbor got shot to death by a sniper fire in his kitchen.

This morning she called again — no improvement in her situation.

Number 1, Jun 13, 1992
Number 2, Jun 20, 1992
Number 3, Jun 27, 1992
Number 4, Jul 04, 1992
Number 5, Jul 11, 1992
Number 6, Jul 18, 1992
Number 7, Jul 25, 1992
Number 8, Aug 1, 1992